How Does Prolonged Exposure to Virtual Reality Affect Physical Health in E-Sports Athletes?

March 22, 2024

With competitive gaming surging in popularity, the physical health of esports athletes is a topic that is increasingly being scrutinized. In this article, we delve into the impact of prolonged exposure to virtual reality on the physical health of esports players. Drawing insights from various studies and scholarly articles, we explore the potential risks and benefits associated with this new era of sports.

The Rising Popularity of Esports

Esports, or electronic sports, represent the professional and competitive aspect of video gaming. This domain has seen a dramatic rise in popularity over the past decade, with players and spectators flocking from all corners of the globe. Thanks to platforms like Google’s Stadia and other game-streaming services, esports has become more accessible than ever.

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Esports is not merely about leisurely gaming, it involves serious competition, rigorous training, and high stakes tournaments. So, is it fair to consider esports players as athletes? The answer is a resounding yes. Just like traditional athletes, esports athletes require a unique set of skills, including fast reaction times, strategic thinking, and endurance for long gaming sessions.

As the esports industry evolves, so does the technology associated with it. One such advancement is the rise of virtual reality (VR) games. VR games promise a more immersive experience, but they also call for a new discussion about the physical health of esports athletes.

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The Physical Health Implications of Prolonged VR Exposure

Virtual reality games, by design, blur the line between the physical and digital worlds. By strapping on a VR headset, players can immerse themselves into a game, experiencing it from a first-person perspective. While this sounds thrilling, prolonged exposure to VR can potentially have significant physical health implications.

A study published on Crossref highlighted several health concerns related to prolonged VR exposure. These included eye strain, dizziness, and even balance disorders. Furthermore, the study found that prolonged static posture during gaming could lead to musculoskeletal disorders.

Other studies have shown potential risks linked to exposure to VR. For instance, a Google Scholar indexed study pointed to a phenomenon known as ‘cybersickness,’ which is akin to motion sickness and results from the disparity between visual motion and physical motion in VR gaming.

How Can Esports Athletes Maintain Their Physical Health?

Given the potential health implications associated with prolonged VR exposure, it is crucial for esports athletes to prioritize their physical health. This can be achieved in several ways.

Exercise is one of the main ways esports athletes can maintain their physical health. Regular physical activity can help counteract the negative effects of prolonged sitting and the sedentary lifestyle often associated with gaming. Incorporating activities like strength training, cardiovascular exercise, and flexibility workouts into their routine can help esports athletes enhance their performance and overall health.

Moreover, regular breaks during gaming sessions can help reduce the risk of eye strain and other issues associated with prolonged VR exposure. These breaks can also help maintain mental focus and reduce the risk of burnout.

The Future of Physical Health in Esports

As esports continues to grow, so does the need for studies and initiatives concerning athlete health. Various organizations are starting to address the physical health implications of competitive gaming. For instance, the National Institute of Health has begun funding research into the health effects of prolonged gaming.

Esports organizations have also started to hire health professionals to help their athletes manage their physical health. These include nutritionists, physiotherapists, and personal trainers. As the esports industry continues to professionalize, we can expect to see a greater focus on the health and well-being of its athletes.

In conclusion, the physical health implications of prolonged VR exposure in esports athletes are a growing concern. By incorporating regular exercise, taking breaks, and seeking professional health advice, esports athletes can mitigate these risks and maintain their physical health. As we move forward, it’s clear that the health and well-being of esports athletes will become an integral part of the conversation around this evolving industry.

The Mental Health Aspect of Prolonged VR Exposure

Next to physical health, the mental health of esports athletes is another aspect that should not be neglected, particularly in the realm of virtual reality (VR). With VR games becoming more realistic and immersive, questions arise about the potential mental health implications of prolonged exposure.

According to a systematic review published in the PubMed database, VR has been associated with increased levels of stress and state anxiety. This can likely be attributed to the high-intensity and realistic nature of VR games, which can potentially put esports athletes under a tremendous amount of psychological pressure.

Moreover, the blurring line between reality and the digital world can lead to a sense of disorientation or ‘derealization’, which is a mental state where the external world is perceived as unreal. An article indexed by Google Scholar also alludes to this, suggesting that prolonged VR exposure could potentially lead to addictive behaviors, further exacerbating mental health issues.

Just as regular physical activity is important to counteract the physical health implications of prolonged VR exposure, maintaining good mental health practices is also key. Incorporating stress management techniques, such as mindfulness and relaxation exercises, can help esports athletes manage the mental strain associated with VR gaming. Regular consultations with mental health professionals can also be beneficial.

Comparisons and Contrasts: Esports and Traditional Sports

Drawing parallels between esports athletes and traditional sports athletes is not uncommon. Both require skill, strategy, and training. However, the physical and mental health implications are quite different, especially with the integration of virtual reality into esports.

Traditional sports mostly involve physical exertion and, consequently, the health issues athletes face are often physical in nature. On the other hand, esports, particularly VR gaming, poses unique challenges. The psychological stress from the immersive nature of VR games and the physical health concerns stemming from prolonged static posture are unique to this new form of sports.

However, the similarities between esports and traditional sports become evident when we consider the necessary measures to maintain health. Both types of athletes need regular physical activity to maintain their fitness levels and both need to effectively manage stress to maintain their mental health.

Esports performance, like in traditional sports, can be negatively impacted by poor physical or mental health. Therefore, the care and attention given to public health and the health of traditional sports athletes should be extended to esports athletes.


As esports continue to evolve and gain more recognition, the physical and mental health of esports athletes should be a primary concern. The potential implications of prolonged exposure to virtual reality are real and varied, impacting the physical and mental health of players.

Regular physical activity, balanced nutrition, appropriate breaks during gaming, and mental health care are all essential strategies for mitigating these risks. More research is needed, and more public health initiatives should be targeted towards this new generation of athletes.

In the future, it is expected that esports organizations will continue to hire health professionals, like physiotherapists and mental health experts, to help their athletes manage these unique challenges. This is a new era of sports, and as such, it requires new strategies and attitudes towards health and wellness.

Through robust research, systematic reviews, and concerted effort from all stakeholders, from the esports players themselves to the coaching staff and healthcare professionals, we can ensure that esports continue to grow and thrive without compromising the health and wellbeing of those involved. The conversation around esports and health is only beginning, and it’s one we can’t afford to ignore.